What is the most common STD in the United States?
STD stands for sexually transmitted disease. An STD is any condition that can be transmitted through oral, anal or vaginal sex. There are dozens of different STDs all around the world, and their severities, popularity and symptoms vary widely. While all STDs are inherently risky –all medical conditions are-, the severity really changes among different STDs. The treatment, prognosis and symptoms also vary a lot.
Sexually transmitted diseases are very common thanks to the way they are transmitted. On underdeveloped countries, prevention methods might not be available. Some people are not even aware of what an STD is in some countries. And on developed countries, even where the methods and knowledge are widely available, people still continue to have risky sex. This is due to a variety of reasons. However, some diseases are way more common than others. This can have a lot of motives, such as how fast the disease develops or presents symptoms. Diseases that don’t present symptoms very quickly are more easily transmitted. Since a lot of people do not know they are infected, they have unprotected sex and infect more people. But, what is the most common STD? You might be wondering this to have a better idea of what you are most likely to contract if you have unprotected sex.
Well, so what is the most common STD in the United States? According to the CDC, it is Human Papilomavirus infection. If you want to know about HPV, continue reading:
What is Human Papilomavirus?
Human Papilomavirus (HPV) is an infection caused by a virus.There are more than a hundred different varieties of HPV and around fourty of them are considered an STD.
One of the main characteristics of HPV that makes it so widespread is the fact that it passes by skin. This means that just touching the infected area of someone with HPV can give you the infection. HPV is actually so incredibly common in the United States that some reports indicate that nearly 100% of the sexually active people get it at some point. You should not worry, though, because there is some good news for you. First, now a vaccine is available for you to prevent getting infected. And second, even if you get infected, the disease usually goes away by itself.
What are the symptoms of Human Papilomavirus?
As we said before, there are more than a hundred different varieties of Human Papilomavirus. Some of them can present with different symptoms. However, there are symptoms that are common across different varieties. And naturally, there are varieties more common than others. Remember that you should get tested in general for STDs at least once a year. Even if you do not present any of these symptoms that does not necessarily means that you don’t have HPV or other STD.
There are two main categories of HPV: high-risk or genital wards.
The genital wards category includes all the HPV infections that cause wards. Wards are more commonly found on the genitals or around them, but can actually grow anywhere. The main symptom of low-risk HPV infections is those wards. The treatment usually involves removing the wards. Since there is no known cure for HPV, further treatment will only focus on treating related symptoms as they appear. However, most low-risk HPV infections don’t present more symptoms. This will often result in you having a regular life span.
The other category of HPV infections is considered highly risky. A lot of HPV infections that do not belong to the genital wards category, eventually develop in cancer. The worst thing about them is that they present with no symptoms at all. If you have a high-risk HPV infection, you will notice symptoms only related to the cancer. And, naturally, those symptoms vary widely depending on which type of cancer you have.
Now that you know what the most common STD in the United States and you know that there is no cure and some varieties can even turn into cancer, you should take some precautions. Never engaging in unprotected sex, taking the vaccine and testing yourself regularly for STD are some relevant precautions.