What does chlamydia look like?

About chlamydia infection

Chlamydia is an infection transmitted via sexual intercourse with an infected partner – that is to say that it is a sexually transmitted infection. No symptoms are exhibited in the initial stages of the disease. This may put the infected person at ease. However, health problems may arise much later from chlamydia infection. This includes inability of women to get pregnant or even causing harm to their pregnancies.

If you have engaged in unprotected sex with a person whose STI status you do not know, then you may have to get tested for chlamydia and other sexually transmitted infections. Testing should be done after each exposure.

Chlamydia is treated with oral antibiotics which may be administered in multiple doses or just a dose. All medications administered should be taken as prescribed until the pills are all gone. If treatment is delayed, it may result in complications. Patients should endeavor to talk to their physicians if they suspect that they have been exposed to the infection. Studies have shown that chlamydia is the most common sexually transmitted disease in the United States. At least 4 million new cases are diagnosed annually.

 

What does the chlamydia look like?

The chlamydia is present in two forms. The first is a non-dividing, infectious particle known as the elementary body. The elementary body has a diameter of 0.25µm to 0.3µm. It is released from infected cells that have ruptured and can be transmitted among individuals.

The second type of chlamydia is the intracytoplasmic type know clinically as the reticulate body. This is larger than the elementary body and has a diameter 0.5 to 0.6µm. The reticulate body is characterized by growth and replication.

The elementary body on the other hand is surrounded by a rigid cell wall, and has in it a DNA genome bearing a molecular weight of 66 x 107 (up to 600 genes, a quarter of the genetic information contained in the DNA of E. coli). There is also the presence of cryptic DNA plasmid (about 7, 498 base pairs). It has in it a vacant reading frame for a gene involved in the replication of DNA. Also, the elementary body contains RNA polymerase that transcripts DNA genome after it has entered into the cytoplasm of the host cell, and the initiation of the growth cycle. There is the presence of ribosomal units and ribosomes in the elementary bodies. The DNA genome, ribosomes and proteins are retained in the reticulate body throughout the developmental cycle.

Diagnosing Chlamydia

Diagnosis of infections caused by Chlamydia has evolved from the 1990s through 2006. The mainstays of diagnosis are nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT) – including polymerase chain reaction, DNA strand displacement amplification and transcription mediated amplification.

 

Tests are available at stdclean.com to diagnose Chlamydia at home. These tests can be ordered online and sent directly to your home in a discrete package. After the specimen has been collected, test results available within 10 minutes.

 

It should be understood that it is quite easy to treat chlamydia. Because of its bacterial nature, it is treated with antibiotics. Two antibiotics are usually used as the treatment of choice – azithromycin and doxycycline. Azithromycin is prescribed as a single dose, while doxycycline is administered twice daily for a week.

Other antibiotics may be prescribed by the physician. However, irrespective of the antibiotic given, dosage instructions must be followed carefully to ensure that the infection is effectively treated. This may take at least two weeks even with the single-dose medications.

Patients should refrain from having sex during the period of treatment. You may easily contact it if you are exposed again, even if you have received complete treatment for a previous infection.