10 signs you may have chlamydia
Chlamydiosis is a sexually transmitted disease that is spread, during sexual activity, through contact between the genitals. It can also cause infection in the conjunctiva of the eye.
Chlamydia infection is the most commonly reported bacterial sexually transmitted disease in the United States. An estimated 2.8 million Americans are infected with chlamydia each year. Prevalence studies have shown that the disease is more frequent in adolescents and is found throughout the world.
Chlamydiosis is a silent infection because it can present with few symptoms. Sometimes the signs of chlamydia are so mild that people do not notice them or confuse them with another disease. This is one of the reasons why it is such a common infection.
Chlamydiosis if left untreated can cause serious infections and even cause infertility in women. However, it is usually easy to cure with medication if you detect it on time.
Risk Factors for contracting Chlamydia
- Having multiple sexual partners
- Having unprotected sex
- Sexually active young women. This group is more exposed because they have a cervix that has not yet been well developed.
- Men who have sex with men.
- Chlamydia can be acquired together with gonorrhea and/or syphilis, so if the couple has some of these diseases the presence of chlamydia should be ruled out.
10 Signs of Chlamydia
- Painful sexual relationships.
- Bleeding after sex.
- Abnormal or unusual vaginal discharge, yellowish and smelly.
- Vaginal bleeding.
- Pain and bulbar inflammation.
- Pain and Testicular inflammation.
- Pain and anal inflammation.
- Painful and frequent urination.
- Pain in the lower abdomen, sometimes accompanied by fever and nausea.
- Pain and throat inflammation.
The diagnosis is made through microbiological studies of the secretions obtained from the penis, anus, and cervix. Samples can be cultured in cells (called cell cultures) and subjected to other more sophisticated antibody screening tests. In recent years, kit tests have been marketed that allow rapid and effective diagnosis of chlamydia and gonorrhea.
Chlamydia can be cured easily and effectively with simple antibiotics, such as azithromycin and doxycycline. The treatment may consist of a single dose or last up to 2 weeks, depending on the infection. People under treatment for chlamydia are often medicated for gonorrhea as well since the symptoms are similar and it is common for both infections to coexist.
No matter which antibiotic is used, the patient must take into account the following:
- The sexual partner must receive treatment.
- The patient should refrain from sexual contacts during treatment and until the result of the follow-up test is negative.
- The partner may be able to receive expedited partner therapy.
- It is not advisable to interrupt the course of antibiotic treatment. Even if the symptoms disappear before the end of treatment, the infection can still remain in the body.
- Follow-up testing is necessary after 3-4 months to make sure the infection has disappeared.
Complications of Chlamydia infection
Due to its nature, this venereal disease is often asymptomatic, undiagnosed and untreated. In women this can result in its spread to the uterus and fallopian tubes, causing serious damage and even long-term health problems.
Untreated chlamydia can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, an infection that damages the reproductive organs (uterus and fallopian tubes) and can trigger dangerous situations, for example:
- Ectopic pregnancy (a pregnancy outside the uterus)
- Fibrosis and obstruction of the fallopian tubes (tubes that carry the Ovum from the ovaries to the uterus), which can result in reduced fertility or infertility
- Chronic pelvic pain
- Premature birth or miscarriage
- Other consequences of untreated chlamydia include:
- Cystitis (inflammation of the urinary bladder)
- Mucopurulent cervicitis: inflammation of the cervix that produces yellowish vaginal discharge and pain during sexual intercourse
In men, untreated chlamydia can lead to:
- Epididymitis: painful inflammation of the internal structures of the testicles, which can cause reduced fertility or sterility.
- Occasionally, Reiter's syndrome (arthritis, conjunctivitis and urethritis).
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